A Term Loan is what most people mean when they say "Business Loan." Term Loans (sometimes called "Equipment Loans") are perfect for making improvements to existing business assets or aquiring new assets, such as equipment or machinery. Term Loans are not for paying revolving costs, such as payroll. (To learn more about business loans designed for revolving costs see Line of Credit.)
A Term Loan is similar to a variable rate home mortgage loan for an individual, but meant for a business to aquire or improve fixed assets.
Each Term Loan typically has a floating interest rate based of the current PRIME rate. The PRIME rate can fluctuate depending on the global economy and overall demand for business loans. An example of a rate for this kind of business loan may be Prime + 2%. Meaning the rate you pay on the business loan is whatever the current Prime rate is, plus an additional 2%. The plus 2% on your interest rate would remain constant while the Prime number could fluctuate or “float”. Term loans almost always mature between one and 10 years.
Imagine many you own of a loca small business, let's say a bakery, and you are looking to purchase a new oven. With these ovens will grow your business because you will be able to bake more bread. You also would like capital to expand your shop and take over the vacant space next to your current location. You would be an excellent candidate for a term loan because you are planning to purchase a fixed asset and expand your existing asset of your space.
Being a traditional business loan, a Term Loan, has its limitations of who qualifies. Term Loans are best for businesses that have a steady monthly income. Its important to show steady cashflow in order to make the monthly payments (with interest!) on the loan. Also most banks won't even consider you for a loan like this one without being in business for two tax cycles. But it doesn't hurt to ask if you have the cashflow.
Prime + 1 is a pretty good rate!
You get what you qualify for.
With all your documents ready its a 2-3 week turn around.
Must be a revenue positive 2 year-old business.
All your business assets are up as collatoral.
Easy to exit once the term is up, but exit before and you'll probably face a penalty.